Babur (1483 – 1530), born Zahīr ud-Dīn Muhammad, was a Timurid Prince and ruler of Turkic origin. He is the founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He was a direct descendant of Turkic Emperor Timur the Great (Tamurlane) from what is now Uzbekistan.
This sketch of the character of Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur Padshah is based almost entirely upon the most recent English translation of the Bahur-nama (Memoirs of Babur) by Mrs.
A. S. Beveridge, which was published by the Royal Asiatic Society in four fasciculi beween 1912 and 1921. As Mrs. Beveridge translated the record direct from the original Turki, her
rendering reflects the Emperor’s style more faithfully than the earlier translation by Leyden and Erskine of a Persian copy of the Memoirs.
I have also consulted S. Lane-Poole’s excellent study, Babar in the “Rulers of India” Series (Clarendon Press). The quotations, the main facts, and the various episodes illustrating Babur’s character are taken direct from Mrs.Beveridge’s work, including her illuminating notes and appendices.
My thanks are due to the authorities of the British Museum, to the Secretary and Director, Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington, and to the Librarian, India Office, for permission
to reproduce the portraits of Babur and the pictures of his grave and burial garden in Kabul.
– from the preface