Physiography: An Introduction to the Study of Nature – Thomas H. Huxley (1881)


Physiography: An Introduction to the Study of Nature – Thomas H. Huxley (1881)


Title: Physiography: An Introduction to the Study of Nature

Author: Thomas H. Huxley

Publisher: Macmillan, London, 1881. 3rd edition.

Condition: Leatherbound, prize binding. Very good. Some rubbing to gilt on spine, corners bumped, and slight wear to cover. Marbled edges and endpapers. Prize plate on endpaper. Slight foxing. 2 coloured maps, 3 colour plates, and numerous black-and-white illustrations. Binding tight, text very clean. 385pp. App 7″ by 5″.

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The Thames


Rain and Dew

The Crystallisation of Water


The Atmosphere

The Chemical Composition of Pure Water

The Chemical Composition of Natural Waters

The Work of Rain and Rivers

Ice and its Work

The Sea and its Work

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Slow movements of the land

Living Matter

The Formation of Land by Animal Agencies

The Geological Structure of the Basin of the Thames

The Distribution of Land and Water

The Figure of the Earth

The Sun

About the author (from Wikipedia):

Thomas Henry Huxley PC PRS FLS (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist specialising in comparative anatomy. He is known as “Darwin’s Bulldog” for his advocacy of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.

Huxley’s famous debate in 1860 with Samuel Wilberforce was a key moment in the wider acceptance of evolution and in his own career. Huxley had been planning to leave Oxford on the previous day, but, after an encounter with Robert Chambers, the author of Vestiges, he changed his mind and decided to join the debate. Wilberforce was coached by Richard Owen, against whom Huxley also debated about whether humans were closely related to apes.

Huxley had little formal schooling and was virtually self-taught. He became perhaps the finest comparative anatomist of the later 19th century. He worked on invertebrates, clarifying relationships between groups previously little understood. Later, he worked on vertebrates, especially on the relationship between apes and humans. After comparing Archaeopteryx with Compsognathus, he concluded that birds evolved from small carnivorous dinosaurs, a theory widely accepted today.