The International Development of China – Sun Yat-Sen (1922) (2nd ed)


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The International Development of China – Sun Yat-Sen (1922) (2nd ed)


Title: The International Development of China

Author: Sun Yat-sen

Publisher: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New York. 1922. 1st American published outside China, 1st hardcover edition, and 2nd edition overall. The first edition was published in Shanghai in 1920.

Condition: Hardcover, no dust jacket. Near fine. Scarce. A large foldout map at the back. An important book.

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A book written by Sun Yat-Sen in 1920 and published during his lifetime. Very scarce.

With 16 maps in the text and 1 fold-out at the end.


As soon as Armistice was declared in the recent World War, I began to take up the study of the International Development of China, and to form programs accordingly. I was prompted to do so by the desire to contribute my humble part in the realization of world peace.

China, a country possessing a territory of 4,289,000 square miles, a population of 400,000,000 people, and the richest mineral and agricultural re-sources in the world, is now -a prey of militaristic and capitalistic powers—a greater bone of contention than the Balkan Peninsula. Unless the Chinese question can be settled peacefully, another world war greater and more terrible than the one just past will be inevitable.

In order to solve the Chinese question, I suggest that the vast resources of China be developed internationally under a socialistic scheme, for the good of the world in general and the Chinese people in particular. It is my hope that as a result of this, the present spheres of influence can be abolished ; the international commercial war can be done away with; the internecine capitalistic competition can be got rid of, and last, but not least, the class struggle between capital and labor can be avoided. Thus the root of war will be forever exterminated so far as China is concerned.

Each part of the different programs in this Inter-national Scheme, is but a rough sketch or a general policy produced from a layman’s thought with very limited materials at his disposal. So alterations and changes will have to be made after scientific investigation and detailed survey. For instance, in regard to the projected Great Northern Port, which is to be situated between the mouths of the Tsingho and the Lwanho, the writer thought that the entrance of the harbor should be at the eastern side of the port but from actual survey by technical engineers, it is found that the entrance of the harbor should be at the western side of the port instead. So I crave great indulgence on the part of experts and specialists.

I wish to thank Dr. Monlin Chiang, Mr. David Yui, Dr. Y. Y. Tsu, Mr. T. Z. Koo, and Dr. John Y. Lee, who have given me great assistance in reading over the manuscripts with me.

SUN YAT-SEN. CANTON, April 25, 1921.